Grafex offers Forensic Services to Questioned Document Examiners who are concerned with the examination of documents to establish authenticity, or lack of authenticity,or authorship and expose forgery. Through scientific examination of the physical features of documents the examiner may discover alterations, and / or deletions; decipher obliterations; develop indented writing impressions; determine authorship.
Applying scientific principles, the Forensic Handwriting Examiner analyses and evaluates the evidence discovered and reaches reasonable and valid opinions, writes reports, and gives testimony when needed to aid the client or court to arrive at the truth. The validity and importance of handwriting patterns in questioned documents work have been established for many years.
Handwriting identification is a skill and a science that is based on axioms, principles, theories and knowledge that have accumulated through the hundreds of years that handwriting has been studied.
Handwriting identification has been recognized and accepted by the courts as far back as A.D.539. In the US, it has been accepted in the courts, as substantial evidence, for over 180 years.
It is well known that qualified handwriting examiners can and do reach accurate conclusions of identity given sufficient comparison standards to work from.
FORENSIC - 2 Court cases : one in Johannesburg, South Africa and the other one in Gaborone, Botswana.
Case 1 ) A case of disputed will and testament:
The three signatures seem very different and yet they are by the same writer.
Case 2 ) A case of an anonymous letter:
Words will (2) and wheel (2)
These words may look alike, as if by the same writer, instead they are by two different people.